Symptoms of ear infection vary depending on whether the outer, middle or deeper ear has been affected. It is a problem that is usually solved in a favorable way, as long as it is dealt with in time.
The most obvious of the ear infection symptoms is pain. However, depending on the type of pathology in question, sometimes it is not felt or it is accompanied by other manifestations that must also be taken into account.
Ear infection is a common problem that appears more often among children. In most cases it affects the middle ear and does not cause serious consequences. It is usually caused by a blockage in the Eustachian tube, a tube that connects the throat to the middle ear.
This obstruction responds to intrinsic causes when the mucosa in this area becomes inflamed, either by an infectious agent or an allergy. It can also be caused by extrinsic causes, when the adenoids (which are in the back of the throat) are inflamed.
Types and main symptoms of ear infection
As we had already noted, the symptoms of ear infection depend on the type of otitis in question. There are three modes: middle, external, and external malignant. Let’s look at each one in greater detail.
Otitis media is the most common form. The Eustachian tube blocks the drainage of fluid that occurs in the middle ear and cannot do this. In this way, the fluid accumulates and infection occurs.
The infection itself can be caused by a virus, fungus, or bacteria. If not treated properly and persists for a long time, it could lead to hearing loss in children. The symptoms of ear infection of this type are those that we expose next.
Symptoms of a middle ear infection come on suddenly and increase over time. The most common are the following:
- Severe pain and a feeling of pressure in the ears.
- Discharge from the ears or otorrhea. The secreted fluid may or may not contain pus.
- Lightheadedness and dizziness.
- Tinnitus: are ringing or buzzing in the ears that can come and go or be constant.
- Feeling of weakness
- Rupture or perforation of the eardrum: it is a hole or tear in the tissue that separates the middle ear from the external ear. It can cause hearing loss in some cases.
Younger children usually have pain in the abdomen as well. When the ear secretes fluid, it means that the eardrum has been perforated. This relieves and makes the pain go away. The usual thing is that it heals in a few weeks, without treatment.